Using Heat for Bed Bug Eradication

Thermal Heat Remediation and Heat Sterilization

Towards the end of the 1990s, thermal remediation emerged as the solution to the problem of the insect plague. These pesky critters had become a real public and environmental health problem as they were becoming more resistant to chemicals. However, heat remediation and sterilization were a huge lifesaver from a problem that seemed to be getting worse and worse.

  • Non-toxic and is also environmentally friendly!

Thermal heat remediation and heat sterilization

Towards the end of the 1990s, thermal remediation emerged as the solution to the problem of the insect plague. These pesky critters had become a real public and environmental health problem as they were becoming more resistant to chemicals. However, heat remediation and sterilization were a huge lifesaver from a problem that seemed to be getting worse and worse.

Heat sterilization, as this process is also known, was originally intended to eliminate the pest in industrial warehouses. But seeing that its effects were favorable for the environment and safer for humans, it had a rapid boom in the market.

How thermal heat remediation works

For heat treatment to work properly, you must follow an application process under a controlled environment. This means that heat input and monitoring are required in addition to airflow management. The process follows the following phases:

  1. Heating

In the beginning, the heaters will be in charge of gradually increasing the temperature of the room or closed space where you want to apply thermal remediation. To have the desired effect, the site must be heated to a temperature between 48 and 57 ° C (120-135 ° F). At this level, heat is lethal to the undesirable pest that is stored in the room and that we cannot see.

  1. Maintenance of target temperature

Once the desired temperature is reached, the high-temperature fans on the heaters will circulate the hot air evenly. In this way, it is guaranteed that all the difficult points in the room (corners, corners, cracks, etc.) receive air at high temperatures. Thus, it also ensures that the pest, in all its stages of life (since they are eggs), perishes in a short time.

  1. Cooling

Once the treatment time has ended, the heaters are turned off. The temperature of the treated space begins to drop gradually and can return to normal operation since no safety deadlines are required.

Benefits of thermal heat remediation

The use of heat for insect pest treatment has become a very advantageous method over other pest control alternatives. Its simplicity of application and the security it provides to both operating technicians and treatment beneficiaries have allowed thermal remediation to become increasingly popular. Some of its benefits are:

  1. Thermal sterilization only occurs once

If an entire room or facility has a low to medium level infestation, only a heat treatment will suffice to eradicate the insect at all stages of its life. This gives it a great advantage over chemical treatments, as these are not as effective as expected and must be applied more than once.

  1. It is not a chemical treatment

Side effects? No need to worry. Thermal heat remediation is non-toxic and is also environmentally friendly. This means that people who are exposed to this treatment will not experience any effect in the short or long term.

Some chemical treatments, like traditional pesticides, require that the spaces be well ventilated before a person comes to life again. On the other hand, they are extremely counterproductive with the environment, since they directly affect the ozone layer.

  1. Does not require the evacuation of untreated areas or waiting times

Unlike chemical treatments, thermal heat remediation does not require removal of the entire structure. Especially, because it is a non-toxic treatment. Therefore, those operating or home areas that are not being sterilized can remain operational during treatment.

  1. Does not damage furniture or electronic equipment

Heat treatments do not cause damage to furniture and electronic equipment within the space to be treated, provided they are applied following the appropriate process and monitoring. Sometimes some furniture and electronics are potential nests for insects and other pests.

However, some items may be sensitive to heat and our team of experts will tell you which ones you should remove from the area before starting treatment. On the other hand, it is safe to leave any electronic equipment that the technicians have not indicated, as long as they are disconnected.

  1. Reach unimaginable places

Treatments with pesticides or other chemical agents fail to reach small cracks or crevices where insects can hide. However, heaters and thermal fans manage to circulate and heat the air evenly, reaching challenging places that other treatments are unable to reach.

What pests can be removed with heat?

Among the most common pests that can be removed with heat are bedbugs, woodworms, termites, fleas, and lice. Each one has its characteristics and ways of reacting to heat. However, the destiny that awaits them with thermal heat treatments is the same.

Bedbugs are usually the most difficult to get rid of, as they require long exposure to high temperatures. They usually adapt very easily to the human environment and some chemical treatments end up being very harmful to people. Bed bug heat treatments should be applied to mattresses, bedding, etc.

For their part, woodworms and termites are small digging insects that lodge in our wooden furniture to survive and multiply. However, they end up being a very serious problem, since the furniture they infest ends up being destroyed. But both can be easily removed with thermal heat remediation.

Finally, fleas and lice are, perhaps, the most annoying pests. When they inhabit our hair or the fur of our pets, they require special chemical treatment for each one. However, when they become a local pest in our home, heat sterilization is a practical solution to this problem.

FAQs about thermal heat remediation

Some doubts among clients requesting the sterilization services of rooms with heat are very common. Therefore, we have classified the most frequently asked questions by our users below.

How to know if the room reached the desired temperature?

The team of experts will strategically locate temperature sensors inside the room before starting to heat it. These sensors will be connected to software that will allow remote monitoring of the temperature of the treatment space.

In this way, it is guaranteed that in all corners, even in the least thought of, the temperature reaches levels of the extermination of insects. Thanks to the software, a detailed temperature report can also be obtained from the beginning to the end of the treatment.

What happens to pests when the temperature reaches 48 ° C?

From the moment the space temperature enters its action range (48 to 59 °C), insects begin to suffer adverse effects. The proteins of these parasites begin to coagulate at a constant exposure of at least 48 ° C. This is damage that will affect insects in all their stages of life: eggs, larvae, pupae, and adults.

The reason? Protein coagulation is an irreversible process since its structure is modified and its structural function is lost. At the same time, insects begin to liquefy their cell membranes and general dehydration in their tiny bodies. These conditions make life not possible.

How much time is required?

For an average hotel room, for example, the minimum time required to achieve 48 ° C heat sterilization is 150 minutes. However, the higher the temperature, the shorter the waiting time. Now, if we only locate the temperature of the treatment space at 55 ° C, just 60 minutes (60% less) will suffice.

However, at higher temperatures, there is also a risk of damage to the building structure and equipment. Therefore, it is recommended that the heat does not reach 60 ° C at any time of the treatment.

Is heat sterilization effective?

Yes. As long as the treatment is properly monitored and airflow is managed uniformly, thermal remediation is 100% effective. To achieve this result, the room must be properly insulated, avoiding heat leakage. Also, the ambient temperature should be considered as an incident factor.

Where is thermal heat remediation applicable?

Thermal remediation by heat has many applications today, favoring many industries without affecting its operation. It can be applied to machinery and furniture in particular in houses and factories, and also to entire manufacturing processes. In other words, heat treatment against pests can be applied in:

  • Food industry.
  • Pharmaceutical industry.
  • Museums and libraries - paper pests.
  • Hotels, health centers (hospitals and clinics), residences and homes - Involves the treatment of bed pests (bedbugs and mites) and termites.
  • Wood industry.
  • Mass and private means of transport (cars, planes, trains, buses, etc.).
  • Warehouses and silos.

Can thermal remediation by heat be done by anyone?

No, it can't. Poor control of the equipment could result in irreparable damage to the structure and everything in the treated area. A careful risk assessment must be carried out before applying the treatment to ensure its viability and avoid damage.

Do you need help to get rid of a plague?

Don't wait until it's too late! Hire our technical specialists in thermal heat treatments and sterilization now to combat the plague in your rooms and objects. Our professionals are highly trained to carry out insect disinfestation in your home, office or workplace. Do you have any questions? What are you waiting to contact us?!

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