Aquatic Pests, Mosquitos, Ticks and Fleas

Aquatic Pest, Mosquitos, Ticks and Fleas

World Health Day is approaching April 7, an important date to remember how dangerous aquatic pest mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas can be. It is no coincidence that the motto of some years ago was "Small Stings: Big Threats". So it is convenient to explain the pertinent actions to prevent this type of threat.

Everything you should know about aquatic pest mosquito, ticks and fleas

World Health Day is on April 7, an important date to remember how dangerous aquatic pest mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas can be. It is no coincidence that the motto of some years ago was "Small Stings: Big Threats". So it is convenient to explain the pertinent actions to prevent this type of threat.

Summer is already coming so you need to know everything related to the aquatic pest mosquito, ticks, and fleas. It should be noted that these pests can transmit pathogens that cause serious illness and death.

Aquatic pest mosquito, ticks and fleas and a population at risk

It is estimated that more than half of the world's population is in danger of contracting aquatic pest mosquito, ticks, and fleas related diseases. You can protect yourself and your family from mosquitoes by taking simple steps. Sleeping under bed nets, wearing long pants and long-sleeved shirts, or using insect repellents can help you prevent diseases.

It is also advisable to eliminate possible breeding sites for mosquitoes and flies such as tires or containers with saturated water. Removing weeds and trash from your environment, covering water tanks or cleaning them with chlorine will definitely decrease the risk.

Cleaning brushy or vegetated areas will also decrease the possibility of ticks in your environment. It is also advisable to constantly check the animals that carry these insects, such as cats and dogs, for example.

In the case of presenting any symptoms, you should go to the health unit closest to your home. Symptoms such as fever over 38 ° C, chills, weakness, or severe headaches can be a warning.

Mosquitoes and some of the diseases they can cause

In addition to painful bites, these pests can also expose their animal food sources to diseases and parasites.

The female mosquito is capable of laying hundreds of eggs in any container filled with water. These eggs stick to the walls of the container and can last up to a maximum of eight months in dry conditions, such as in the southern United States, for example.

Once incubated, the eggs develop into adult mosquitoes over a period of seven to ten days. The females then bite people and animals to feed on the iron in the blood and produce new eggs. When female mosquitoes feed on the blood of an animal, they can contract diseases that animals already have.

For example birds could have the West Nile virus. Later, when the mosquito decides to feed on a second animal, it can infect it with the diseases found in the blood of the first. Some of the diseases that can be generated by mosquito bites are:

West Nile Virus

West Nile Virus (WNV) is the leading cause of mosquito-borne illness in the United States. It is commonly transmitted to people as a result of a bite from an infected mosquito.

WNV cases usually occur during the mosquito season, that is, it begins in summer and lasts until fall. Unfortunately, there are no vaccines to prevent the disease or medications to treat WNV in people.

Only 1 in 5 infected people develop fever and other symptoms of the disease. And of the most serious cases, only 1 in 150 infected people develops a high-risk disease. To reduce the risk of contracting WNV, it is convenient to apply mosquito control tips. Insect repellent, long-sleeved shirts and long pants are a good option.

Dengue

Dengue virus is quite well known worldwide and is transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito of the Aedes species (Aegypti or Albopictus). Dengue is a fairly common disease in more than 100 countries, especially those with a tropical climate.

Approximately 3 billion people (40% of world’s population) are in areas with risk of dengue. Dengue is usually one of the main causes of disease in risk areas or precarious areas.

The disease can manifest itself in different ways, from flu-like symptoms to the most dangerous case with continuous bleeding.

Chinkungunya

The Chikungunya virus is one of the most common diseases related to aquatic pest mosquito, ticks, and fleas. This disease is also transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito.

Symptoms can be fever and severe joint pain. Other less serious symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, weakness, joint swelling, and skin rashes.

There is a risk that the virus will be brought to new areas by infected travelers. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine to prevent chikungunya disease. Travelers can protect themselves by applying mosquito control tips.

When you go to countries with the chikungunya virus, using insect repellent, long-sleeved shirts and pants, as well as staying in air-conditioned places can help minimize the risk.

Ticks and some diseases that can cause

Probably among aquatic pest mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas these pests have the least attention. However, they are one of those that can cause terrible damage. Ticks depend on an organism to feed on their blood, they can be mammals, birds, reptiles or even amphibians.

Ticks are often on busy roads, waiting around to identify host organisms.

Ticks perch on grass blades with their hind legs and extend their front legs into the air. Thus they remain waiting to get on a victim who passes through the area. When they have successfully assembled a suitable host, the tick locates a suitable area of ​​exposed skin.

The tick lasts by feeding on the host's blood for several days. What can generate an exchange of diseases transmitted by the blood of a previous host or that it has contracted from its current host.

After feeding, the tick sheds its host, and can carry any blood-borne pathogen to its next food source.

There are many different species of ticks worldwide. The good news is that only a few bites and transmits disease to humans in the United States. Some of the diseases that can be spread from tick bites are:

Lyme disease

The most common tick-borne disease in the US is Lyme disease. It is caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria and, rarely, by Borrelia mayonii. Humans contract the disease through the bite of infected black-legged ticks.

Symptoms are usually fever, headache, fatigue, and a skin rash. If left untreated, the infection can have complications related to the joints, heart, and nervous system.

Symptoms, physical examination findings, and exposure to infected ticks are key points in the diagnosis of Lyme disease. Most cases of the disease can be successfully treated using antibiotics for a couple of weeks.

Some measures for control ticks can be the use of insect repellent, applying pesticides and reducing the habitat of ticks.

Rocky Mountain spotted fever

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a bacterial tick-borne infection. Without prompt treatment, it can cause serious damage to internal organs, such as the kidneys and the heart.

Although it was first identified in the Rocky Mountains, fever is most prevalent in the southeastern region of the United States. It also occurs in regions of Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America.

The early signs and symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever can be a severe headache and high fever. Over the days, a rash usually appears on the wrists and ankles. Rocky Mountain spotted fever responds well to immediate antibiotic treatment, but some tick control measures may still be appropriate.

Fleas and some diseases that can cause

The fly is an apparently harmless flying insect, however, the truth is that it can be a carrier of a large number of diseases.

With an annoying buzz and a fairly irritating continuous flutter, the presence of flies increases with the arrival of heat but also with the rains. Insecticides are usually a good solution for these pests. Also, eliminating possible hatcheries is usually quite effective in the control of fleas measures.

Of all the aquatic pest mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas the latter are a fairly notable nuisance. But, beyond how annoying they can be, they is also transmitters of dangerous diseases such as:

Cholera

It is a bacterial intestinal disease that produces liquid diarrhea, vomiting, muscle cramps and loss of body fluids. This disease occurs more frequently in Africa, being one of the main ones in the region.

Typhoid fever

This is an acute infectious disease caused by a bacterium of the salmonella genus. Symptoms include general malaise, weakness, and loss of appetite, headache, or constipation.

Dysentery

Also known as bloody diarrhea. The disease also includes abdominal cramps, fever, and rectal pain. In more severe cases it can generate infectious complications that eventually affect the kidney.

Salmonellosis

This intoxication-like illness is transmitted through contaminated food, which can perfectly appear to be in good condition. It is important to keep food away from these pests. Symptoms include fever, severe diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

Trachoma

This infection is spread by the bite of the fly and is especially dangerous to the eyes. You must bear in mind that it is the main cause of blindness in the world. Therefore, it is advisable to apply fairly effective control measures.

So after reading this consider the dangers of diseases that can be caused by aquatic pests, mosquito, ticks, and fleas. Apply the appropriate measures and enjoy your summer as a family. Hire us, and we take control of your house getting rid of unwanted pests.

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